Saturday, July 29, 2017

Strategic Air Command's Initial Deployment to South Korea-1950

Extracted from "The United States Air Force in Korea" (1958) by RF Futrell of the USAF Historical Division.  The 1958 version of this book allows for small extracts of this book to be republished without royalty.

Asked his formula for winning battles, Confederate General Nathan B. Forrest replied: "Get there first with the most men." Recognizing that this axiom of the American Civil War was a vital truth in an era of global nuclear war, the United States Air Force had made determined efforts to instill the need for mobility into all of its tactical units. The story of the trans-Pacific movement of the organizations which were ordered to FEAF's support now provided examples of air mobility at its best and at its worst. On 13 July 1950, nine days after receiving word 8,000 miles away in the United States that the medium bombers were to move to the Far East, General O'Donnell sent the 22d and 92d Bombardment Groups on a combat mission to Wonsan, an achievement which demonstrated the mobility and striking power of the Strategic Air Command. To General Vandenberg this accomplishment indicated a "high degree of esprit, mobility, and technical competence."  Profiting from mistakes made in this initial deployment, the 98th and 307th Bombardment Groups got to combat even faster. The 98th flew its first combat mission from Yokota Air Base on 7 August, five days after it had departed the United States, and the 307th launched its first combat strike from Kadena Air Base on 8 August, exactly one week after its planes had left its home base in Florida.  

The swiftness of the medium bomber deployment to combat was possible only because of well-established Strategic Air Command mobility plans which had been designed for just such an emergency. In conjunction with the execution of its primary mission, the Strategic Air Command held the responsibility of maintaining air force units in readiness "for employment against objectives of air attack in any location on the globe." All units assigned to the Strategic Air Command were required to be "highly mobile organizations, capable of being dispatched without delay, to distant bases." Command letters, directives, and manuals gave, in complete detail, the various requirements for executing the mobility plan. Emphasis had been placed upon the equipment of all units for thirty days' operations with a minimum amount of support from operating bases. Flyaway kits contained spare parts and served as a kind of airborne base supply. Bomb-bay bins carried other essential supplies. Each wing commander maintained a reserve of spare engines, engine quick-change packups, and power packups. The wing mobility plans and preparations had been tested in overseas movements. The 22d and 92d Groups had been in the Far East and the United Kingdom; the 98th Group had been in the Far East, the United Kingdom, and at Goose Bay; and the 307th Group had served temporary duty in the United Kingdom and Germany.

The warning alert, followed by appropriate operations orders, went out to the 22d and 92d Groups on or soon after 1 July. Officers and airmen who had been planning Fourth-of -July holidays found themselves packing crates, loading cargo planes, or standing in line before the boarding ramps of planes bound for the Far East. After hurried hours of packing and preparation, the deployment airlift got under way. The two groups scheduled flights of ten B-29's each day, departing their home bases on 5 through 7 July. The 22d left March Air Force Base, California, stopped off at Hickam for a rest period, then flew on to Kadena, with stops at Kwajalein and Guam. The 92d Group took off from Spokane Air Force Base, Washington, and followed a similar flight plan, with a final destination of Yokota Air Base. The 98th and 307th Groups were equally well prepared for short-notice departures. The 98th departed Spokane Air Force Base for Yokota between 2 and 4 August, and the 307th left MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, between 1 and 3 August, headed for Kadena.  In the years of reduced military budgets prior to 1950, the USAF Tactical Air Command had become an operational headquarters under the USAF Continental Air Command in December 1948. Even though it realized that tactical air units required global mobility, the Continental Air Command had had no funds to stand the costs of such a program. Alerted at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, on 5 July, the 162d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron (Night Photography) was hurriedly filled to near peacetime strength ( a part of the fillers were jet mechanics with little experience on the squadron's conventional RB-26's). Its ground echelon, traveling by water, reached ltazuke on 19 August.

Sunday, March 19, 2017

The mission of any Air Force is to put ordinance on targer...

This used to be on the cover of the aircraft log book (AF Form 781) at Dyess Air Force Base in Texas.  I imagine it was well circulated among Strategic Air Command.

The mission of any Air Force is to put ordinance on target.  Everything else such as Shoe Clerking, Trash Hauling, Passing Gas, and Air-To-Air, are simply in support of this mission.

You win a war by killing the enemy on the ground by the thousands, not one at a time from 20,000 feet.

In wartime, our POWs are not released because the enemy sent representatives to sit smugly at “peace talks.”  They are not released because some famous movie actress  betrayed her countrymen-at-arms, and they are not released because the enemy lost five aircraft to certain individuals who became aces.  They are released because the brave men took their bombers downtown and spoke with the enemy personally, in the only language the enemy understands; iron bombs failing on its head.

You can shoot down all the MIGs you want, but when you return to find a Russian Tank Commander sitting in your snack bar, Jack you’ve lost the war.

These lessons have been forged in blood and steal, by all those bomber pilots who have gone before you, and flew back in a time when men where men and women were sex objects, and the rest of the world knew not to fool with the USA or we would nuke ‘em off the map; back when SAC patches were twice the size of of every other commands; back when bomber jets were built to be cart lightin’, water drinkin’, and sturdy, and only quiche-eating airline pukes flew fans.  Times change, technology changes, but the man in the cockpit must remain the same brave warrior every age has counted on in times of peril.

Finally, real men fly bombers because the understand the fundamental law of wartime negotiations. You negotiate with the enemy with your knee in his chest and your knife at his throat.

Tuesday, June 2, 2009

The World with a sunspot number of 23 and Solar Flux of 73

We have QRN here in EN52ui from Com Ed-the local power company. They shut the main down and the noise went away for 24 hours. With the increase of sunspots and solar flux and the decrease in QRN, I saw Many EU stations, Russia, Pakistan(6RWF), Japan (JE2PMC) and New Zealand (ZL1PZ & ZL4AS) . When Com Ed turned the main back on after tightening the insulators, the noise came back but at a lower level. Here is today's map from